According to the World Health Organization, coronaviruses are a family of viruses that cause illnesses from the common cold to more severe diseases such as acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS). Identified by Chinese authorities on January 7 and since named SARS-CoV-2, is a new strain that had not been previously identified in humans. Human-to-human transmission has been confirmed.
Common signs of infection include respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, an infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure, and even death.
Did you know the name coronavirus comes from the Latin word corona, meaning crown or halo? See more coronavirus facts on this list.
1. Diseases can make anyone sick regardless of their race or ethnicity.
2. Older adults and people of any age with underlying health conditions, such as diabetes, lung disease, or heart disease, are at greater risk of severe illness from COVID-19.
3. Someone who has completed quarantine or has been released from isolation does not pose a risk of infection to other people.
4. Italy is the worst-hit nation in Europe.
5. NBA, MLB, PGA, and other sports around the world stop play amid the COVID-19 outbreak.
6. The first known case of coronavirus traced back to November in China
7. As of March 15th, West Virginia remains the only state yet to report a case of coronavirus.
8. Evidence suggests that the virus is man-made. SARS-CoV-2 closely resembles two other coronaviruses that have triggered outbreaks in recent decades, SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV, and all three viruses seem to have originated in bats.
9. About 81% of people who are infected with the coronavirus have mild cases of COVID-19.
10. Coronavirus is a large family of viruses that includes many different diseases.
11. Initial reports suggested fewer cases in children compared with adults.