From its nomadic tribes to the dinosaur fossils of the Gobi Desert, Mongolia is a good country with a lot of history and culture. Learn more about their traditions, and hidden gems on this list of Mongolia facts.
1. Mongolia is the most sparsely populated nation in the world.
2. Naidangiin Tuvshinbayar won Mongolia’s first ever Olympic gold medal.
3. The capital of Mongolia is Ulaanbaatar.
4. Mongolian is the official language of Mongolia.
5. Mongolia shares its borders with China, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, and Bangladesh.
6. The total area of Mongolia is 1,564,116 sq km.
7. On September 17, 2011, 6,002 wrestlers participated in the Mongolian National Wrestling Match and it was the world’s largest wrestling competition.
8. In Mongolia, there are 13 times more horses than humans.
9. The Gobi desert of Mongolia is the largest desert in Asia and the fifth largest in the world.
10. Thirty-six percent of the Mongolian population is under 18 years old.
11. The two-humped Bactrian camel is native to Mongolia.
12. Snow leopards are native to Mongolia.
13. Mongolia is called the “Land of the Blue Sky” because it has over 260 sunny days a year.
14. Genghis Khan, a Mongolian warlord, was voted one of Time magazine’s “25 Most Important Political Icons of All Time”.
15. Mongolia’s national drink is called Airag or Kumiss.
16. The name Mongol was first recorded during China’s T’ang Dynasty.
17. The Mongolian People’s Republic became the world’s second Communist country on November 26, 1924.
18. The most popular sport is bokh or wrestling.
19. Larch is the tallest tree in Mongolia, with the highest one recorded reaching 45 m.
20. Erdene Zuu Monastery is the oldest surviving Buddhist monastery in Mongolia and it was built in 1586 in Kharkhorin.
21. The main religion of Mongolia is Lamaism.
22. Togrog is the official currency of Mongolia.
23. The first Mongolian postage stamps appeared in August 1924.
24. The Mongolian traditional costume is called the Deel.
25. Mongolia’s national dish is called Buuz.
26. George W. Bush became the first sitting U.S. president to visit Mongolia.
27. Mongolia is the world’s second-largest producer of Cashmere goat’s wool.
28. The Mongolian Lunar New Year begins in January or February.
29. Jugderdemidiin Gurragchaa was the first Mongolian to travel into space as a member of the eighth Intercosmo.
30. Genghis Khan, was a ruler that changed the course of history for the country.
31. Mongolia got its independence from China on 29 December 1911.
32. Mongolia’s capital Ulaanbaatar is the world’s chilliest capital city.
33. Naadam is an annual traditional festival celebrated in Mongolia.
34. Is the 18th largest country in the world.
35. Behind Kazakhstan, Mongolia is the world’s second-largest landlocked country.
36. Bogd Khan Ull National Park is the world’s oldest national park.
37. The highest point of the country is “The Khuiten peak” at 4374 m.
38. The lowest point is The Hoh Nurr lake at 560 m in the Magnolia.
39. The Potanin Glacier, which is 14 km long, is the longest glacier in Mongolia.
40. Mongolia became a member of the World Trade Organization in 1997.